Mergoat

Mergoat Land Design and Restoration

Sorrel Inman

[email protected]
(865) 250-6140

Mergoat Land Design and Restoration

Sorrel Inman

[email protected]
(865) 250-6140

River Birch

Betula nigra

Family: Betulaceae

Plant Type
Deciduous Tree
Status
Native
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast
Edible Parts
Sap
Height
60-80′
Spread
40-60′

Landscape Attributes

Bloom Color
Green, Brown
Root Depth
Root Structure
Seasonal Interest
Winter, Spring
Lifespan
50-100 years

ECOLOGICAL ATTRIBUTES

LIGHT
Full Sun, Part Shade
GROWTH HABIT
Pyramidal, Rounded
WATER
Medium, Wet
RELATIONSHIPS
Birds, Butterflies

Leaves: deciduous, simple, alternate; blades triangularly ovate, bases truncated or angularly wedge-shaped.

Flowers: tiny monoecious flowers arranged on catkins. Male catkins ~1.5″ long, elongate and drooping, occur in clusters at the end of twigs. Brown in color as opposed to the female’s green catkins. Female catkins are shorter, ~0.5″ long, cylindrical and upright.

Bark: exfoliating bark, ranging in color from reddish-brown, to cinnamon, to grey, is a highly distinguishing feature of Betula nigra, aiding in identification year round.

More from the

Floradex

Asclepias syriaca

Plant Type
Wildflower, Forb
Native Range
Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Southeast, Midwest
Edible Parts
Height
3’-5’

Agastache foeniculum

Plant Type
Forb
Native Range
Northeast, Midwest, Mid-Atlantic
Edible Parts
Height
2’-4’

Symphyotrichum pilosum

Plant Type
Forb, Wildflower
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest
Edible Parts
Height
2’-4’

Corylus americanus

Plant Type
Shrub
Native Range
Northeast, Southeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest
Edible Parts
Nuts
Height
6’-12’

Muhlenbergia capillaris

Plant Type
Grass
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest
Edible Parts
Height
3’-4’

Conoclinium coelestinum

Plant Type
Wildflower, Forb
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Midwest, Mid-Atlantic
Edible Parts
Height
1’-3’

Andropogon glomaratus

Plant Type
Grass
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Southwest
Edible Parts
Height
3’-6’

Toxidendron radicans

Plant Type
vine
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest
Edible Parts
Height
1’-3’

Ilex verticillata

Plant Type
Shrub
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest
Edible Parts
Height
6’-12’

Symphiotrychum ericoides

Plant Type
Wildflower, Forb
Native Range
Southeast, Northeast, Mid-Atlantic, Midwest, Northwest
Edible Parts
Height
1’-3’
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